Today, more tools than ever are available to prevent HIV. You can use strategies such as abstinence not having sex , limiting your number of sexual partners, never sharing needles, and using condoms the right way every time you have sex. If you have HIV, there are many actions you can take to prevent transmitting it to others. If you take HIV medicine as prescribed and get and keep an undetectable viral load or stay virally suppressed , you can stay healthy and have effectively no risk of transmitting HIV to an HIV-negative sex partner.
Prevention | HIV Basics | HIV/AIDS | CDC
The risk of being infected with HIV or an other sexually transmitted infection during sex varies, depending on the sex practice and sex partner. In daily situations, there is no risk of getting infected with HIV. HIV is not one of the easily transmittable diseases. Kissing, including French kissing, is not risky, the same goes for caressing and petting. There's practically no risk of HIV from oral sex, either. If you are HIV-positive and in successful treatment, with an undetectable viral load, you cannot pass the virus on sexually.
Preventing Sexual Transmission of HIV
We know a lot about how HIV is transmitted from person to person. Having safer sex means you take this into account and avoid risky practices. If you have HIV, you need to protect your health. When it comes to sex, this means practicing safer sex like using condoms to avoid sexually transmitted diseases like herpes and hepatitis.
Preventing transmission of HIV-to others remains a critical element of care to protect both the health of those living with HIV and that of their partners. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention CDC recommends 1 that clinicians who treat patients living with HIV infection integrate routine discussions about safer sexual practices into every office visit. Recent research suggests that health care provider-initiated brief conversations about sexual behavior at every visit, with every patient, can help HIV-infected patients adopt positive behavior changes, including:.