Previous research in socialization indicates that sex role definitions in a certain society are internalized and learned by its members through different means among which are books. The present study examines the image of women and the sex roles attributed to them in 52 Arabic text books printed between — and are currently in use by the majority of elementary and intermediate schools in Lebanon. The results of this survey are consistent with previous research findings on French, American and Italian books, which depict women in the traditional role of mother, whose major function is cooking and housekeeping. They are presented as martyrs who may only attain self-fulfillment through sacrificing their life for their husbands and children. Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
The Syrian women and girls sold into sexual slavery in Lebanon
The Syrian women and girls sold into sexual slavery in Lebanon | Women's Rights | Al Jazeera
Rama, 24, was lured to Lebanon with the promise of a restaurant job, endured beatings and torture before finally escaping with four other women. The only time Rama, a year-old from Syria, broke down as she recalled her months of torture and sexual enslavement in a human trafficking ring in Lebanon was when she described how she lost her faith. Over the course of an hour, Rama — not her real name — described in harrowing detail a hellish nine months as part of the largest sex trafficking ring ever uncovered in Lebanon , in which she endured torture, including being beaten with cables and an electric baton, with a bathroom mat in her mouth to keep her from screaming. She was forced to have sex on average 10 times a day and imprisoned in a decrepit house without even a glimpse of sunlight. She also detailed the abuse of the other women who were enslaved in the network, forced to have abortions after unprotected sex with customers, and subjected to inhumane physical and psychological torture. Her account meshes with details obtained independently by the Guardian from security and judicial sources involved in the investigation of the network, which eluded authorities for four years and enslaved 75 Syrian women.
Lebanon sex trafficking: Syrian woman describes nine-month ordeal
The air is thick with stale cigarette smoke, and the mirror-lined walls are smeared and cracked. A gold crucifix gleams on his chest. Every so often, an attractive, young, Slavic-looking woman walks over, and he opens the notebook so she can sign her name.
Syria's refugee crisis has shone a light on sex trafficking in Lebanon, where victims are often treated as criminals. Everyone in Lebanon's "sex trade" seems to be involved in trafficking in one way or another: Sources at both the Internal Security Forces ISF and the General Directorate of General Security GS in Beirut told Al Jazeera that even pimps working further down the chain of command ultimately report to a bigger network of organised traffickers. Paul has learned the ins-and-outs of Lebanon's trafficking world over the years. Beirut, the Lebanese capital, and Jounieh, a coastal town about 10km 6.